OSKAR Coaching Model

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A – Z Coaching and Mentoring – This week’s extract from Clare Smale’s book explores the OSKAR coaching model.

Don’t forget if you have a special request for a definition of a coaching term or principle, just let us know! Perfect for anyone studying for an ILM Coaching & Mentoring qualification, or as a refresher for experienced coaches.


OSKAR coaching model was developed by Mark McKergow and Paul Z Jackson (2006), specifically using the solutions focus approach.

  • Outcome – the difference the client wants to see as a result of the coaching.
  • Scaling – where does the client rate themselves now in relation to the outcome, on a scale of 1 to 10.
  • Know how – what already works or what does the client already know? A solutions focus rather than a problem focus.
  • Affirm and action – the coach affirms the positive qualities of the client and then the client develops their next steps.
  • Review – at the end of the session seek feedback and summarise – in the next session find out (and build on) what’s working.

Taken from the A-Z Coaching Handbook by Clare Smale where you will find a comprehensive A-Z, plus a full list of references.

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